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In collaboration with IDFC Institute Indian Cities in the Post Pandemic World W H I T E P A P E R J A N U A R Y 2 0 2 1 Contents 3. 4. Foreword Executive summary 5. Methodology 6. 6. 6. 8. 9. 9. 9. 10. 1 Planning 1.1 Short and medium term impact 1.2 What should policy makers do in the short, medium and long term? 1.3 Looking ahead 2 Housing 2.1 Short and medium term impact 2.2 What should policy makers do in the short, medium and long term? 2.3 Looking ahead 11. 3 Transport 11. 12. 13. 3.1 Short

genders at various times   policy brief the impact   land in the public   green in the housing   forum and the idfc   state of the world   land can help cities   terms of how transport   long ignored its cities  

Sources: WEF

Pathway Classification

This section lists the Pathway type, Priority/ function areas, Sectors/ fields of life and People/ roles for the pathway.

Type: Forecasts
Priority/ Function Areas:   Law & Government People & Society |
Sectors/ Fields of Life:   Economy-wide |

Pathway Information

This section lists the Categories, Goals, Measures and Actions included in the pathway.

Profiles:   covid prices   no size   its areas   this crisis   the forum   this bodies   a problem   its earnings   this inadequacies   the millions   the exodus   no government   a hour   naphd graduates   view pollution   such policy   the lack   its labourers   the index   pritika director   a study   the cost   the outbreak   the threat   192social information   this idea   the termination   japan planning   this factors   this planners   the danger   the response   the pandemic   this pandemic   the effect   the lessons   the way   the architect   the experts   an activity   the space   both experts   the interconnectedness   the prevention   this report   the repercussions   a dispersion   the renovation   we cities   this recognition   that differences   such move   she conjecture   the point   a step   a nrega   the amount   the reason   the capacity   na demand   the spread   the culprit   the regime   a feature   no one   the system   the project21   the incentives   the car   a framework   this places   the demand   the policy   the implementation   the infrastructure   the effects   both angel   the disparities   the issue   all emissions   the rationale   the migrants   the activity   the rate   the virus   a person   the consequences   a angel   all rights   what policies   this qualities   the schedule   the share   this cities   its policies   dharavi slum   the challenge   the economy   the health   this change   this paper   another space   the impact   a source   both categories   the authorities   the fragilities   the structure   comm technologies   the shops   forum contributors   the data   this chapter   a rise   this rehabilitation   estatecovid prices   every district   the regulations   the centre   the outflow   the stoppage   the rise   this people   the marshalling   the tendency   a focus   the number   the government   the difference
Goals:   offer engage opportunities   make home way   translate learned lessons   work humid conditions   tackle pertaining problems   reimagine housing sector   ensure rental accommodations   fail including populations   hinder economic productivity   prepare planet link   enact lasting changes   improve public system   plan villages towns   realign people sectors   ease increasing restrictions   identify different contributors   fit solution learning   benefit service delivery   provide travel options   involve potential solution   devise comprehensive strategy   discourage personal use   encourage equitable cities   re dependent link   enable physical distancing   increase term impact   care male age   present transform window   outline devolved functions   emphasize urgent need   avoid shifting travel   enact lasting adjustments   eliminate rigid regulations   need providing solutions   favour traditional networks   create new one   present rethink opportunity   loiter risk women   address home shortages   understand composition variation   expose fault lines   keep forced challenges   reclaim welcoming cities   form economic geographies   reduce population density   see government preference   build diversity index   lay based imbalances   access wider pool   demand air quality   develop housing scheme   ensure quality construction   provide manage information   remove reduce obstacles   create arterial networks   operate transport systems   retain agglomeration benefits   adapt current supply   require land parcels   control develop way   encourage form collaboration   generate buy market   reflect relative scarcity   institute mobility days   bring positive reform   answer following questions   provide implement opportunity   present transform opportunity   introduce point point   lay dire need   benefit wide range   maintain hygiene measures   make sighted decisions   climb income ladder   require avoid shift   face presents problems   highlight unintended consequence   increase travel speed   experience dramatic decline   tackle term impact   create property rights   offer integrate possibility   accommodate commercial ventures   create new agenda   interview term impact   preserve woman health   detail specific suggestions   demonstrate handle capacity   zoning catalogue migration   need term impact   provide translated lessons   engage boys men   see top approach   reform conventional approach   undo need strategies   suffer dual blows   change archaic regulations   upgrade public system   provide improve services   implement boost changes   ban open spaces   expropriate demolished households   hinder measured loss   raise own revenues   affect productivity cities   change owing patterns   analyse pressing challenges   alter migration patterns   create comprehensive strategy   face additional stresses   understand develop trends   improve safety accessibility   remove access impediments   alter underlying policies   provide water food   overcome land use   hit indianexpresscomarticleexplainedexplained epidemics   encompass disadvantaged dwellers   provide smaller footprint   change make regulations   cause palpable decline   enable transport options   build large highway   offer enact chance   provide transport options   achieve term goals   compile recommendations insights   support spaces emissions   receive owing care   include conditioned scooters   improve living standards   provide public services   provide public health   revamp housing sector   affect construction sector   improve federalism increase   receive aims attention   provide holistic picture   eliminate allow restrictions   leave gross wage   visit fellow center   see huge outflow   increase index fsi   use health emergency   express deep gratitude   constitute densest parts   rethink development regulations   integrate individual movement
Measures:   regulatory authority   owe care   previous estimates   digital surveillance   disadvantage dwellers   similar work   pandemic environment   physical distancing   urban populations   male valueright   base portability   pandemic indicators   regional agendas   urban residents   consequent lockdown   small footprints   comprehensive agenda   indian makers   independent housing   large isolation   dynamic centres   air quality   policy changes   proper infrastructure   complete list   socioeconomic impact   pandemic impact   great decentralization   governance issues   urban expansion   formal systems   central districts   urban employment   equitable cities   decentralize manner   gender focus   insufficient supply   additional consideration   great emphasis   employ people   major contributors   urban agglomerations   great impetus   short decisions   hard infrastructure   develop wards   decentralize system   high death   poor people   migrant labour   white paper   optimal use   population density   political economy   live standards   transport usage   metropolitan regions   last adjustments   electric scooters   underlie policies   adequate responses   immediate concerns   water issues   public system   high quality   great chance   low income   pandemic evidence   future needs   urban surveys   municipal waste   safe streets   slum leaders   horizontal reform   metropolitan areas   central authorities   public consultant   dense parts   affordable dwellings   strategic locations   unnecessary travel   dual blows   new agenda   serious invasions   sight decisions   unable slums   crowd slums   service delivery   near future   unintended consequence   second angel   exist lines   low capacity   sustainable development   wide pool   same period   onerous battles   same time   official estimates   dramatic decline   long adjustments   political backlash   height restrictions   permanent feature   next years   medical staff   infrastructure investment   solid waste   favourable policies   poor quality   pollute cities30   rise levels   domestic responsibilities   open areas   granular knowledge   open space   monetary implications   lose jobs   natural disasters   urban roads   space strategy   job opportunities   demolish households   foremost business   consequent improvements   historical challenges   term impact   economic pollution   most instances   small cities   international relations   right mindset   top managers   remote working   sufficient bystanders   past epidemics   pandemic summary   horizontal spread   affordable accommodations   similar reform   more outcome   public works12   weak coverage   social protection   good cities   effective management   excess capacity   large buses   term goals   large problems   female access   term change   attainment rate   market prices   social security   policy decisions   primary education   low sections   important lessons   urban population   subsidize term   valuematernal mortality   bottom link   japanese cities   more decades   local government   additional stress   valuemean age   massive displacement   open spaces   inadequate structures   private transport   affordable housing   rare event   such emergencies   planet link   more services   pandemic contributors   own revenues   efficient mobility   individual providers   economic relations   urban journey   public sector   minimum standard   select indicators   design cities   global gender   public housing   private properties   reform agenda   few cities   more women   clean energy   economic disparity   condition scooters   thematic pillars   poor sanitation   secondary care   urgent need   available land   local authorities   professional workers   different genders   increase power   professional settings   individual vehicles   humid conditions   base imbalances   comprehensive strategy   actual numbers   52672764 link   inclusive manner   unused land   poor states   increase preparedness   urban governance   private mobility   commercial ventures   populous country   vacant lots   public healthcare   massive investment   multiple stakeholders   second generation   periodic survey   real powers   economic opportunity   flexible plans   indian metropolises   slum census   public areas   many arguments   worry prospect   large metropolises   future reform   unusual hours   financial capital   local community   economic forum   low areas   avoid shift   good healthcare   catalogue migration   necessary distancing   sustainable infrastructure   small contributors   migrant policy   raise revenue   transport systems   gate communities   infect people   low emissions   formal housing   female enrolment   hcp planning   native populations   land use   follow questions   domestic violence   infect patients   transport options   large market   health system   small scooters   urban challenges   resilient government   kunal infrastructure   public toilets   composition variation   good thinkers   such regulations   human migration   past years   immediate goals   male valueyear   open drains   conventional approach   long time   different groups   good services   agglomeration benefits   high burden   legislative battles   adequate care   urban use   private owners   european cities   sanitize areas   urban sustainability   digital world   more space   creative solutions   economic recovery   paradigm one   high adoption   formal infrastructure   improve capacity   young renters   regulatory order   positive reform   significant threat   different modes   develop countries   change nature   segregate days   urban transport   good quality   spanish pundits   informal aspects   bare imbalances   thehindubusinesslinecomopinioncolumnsthe effect   rural employment   concentric networks   public streets   wwwhindustantimescommumbaipoor infrastructure   list companies   global agendas   few months   dense city   pandemic link   train personnel   more options   car use   inadequate infrastructure   design planning   future spread   individual movement   travel options   traditional networks   digital divide   unpaid work   fiscal federalism   repressive regulations   several inequalities   attractive option   essential goods   public transport   basic services   woman opportunities   high options   wide disparity   female days   long way   several cities   single geographies   small options   such agencies   proper measures   general indicators   tony areas   pass hiccup   urban reforms   shlomo professor   live conditions   particulate matter   future parts   angel professor   fundamental principles   such options   plan perspectives   regular facilities   public health   more people   exist neighbourhoods   plan cities   positive change   local governments   road capacity   palpable decline   novel cities   female age   robust spaces   rare opportunity   standard times   tertiary education   available transport   short term   healthcare finances   international organization   populate slums   low prices   manage density   various times   large population   large properties   unify agency   urban infrastructure   urban households   past decades   individual agencies   sustainable way   primary healthcare   urban density   metropolitan cities   indian cities   last year   characteristic cities   urban services   large spaces   insufficient resources   male age   slum dwellers   lose income   urban environments   safe cities   in2011censuspcaa4html link   house markets   migration patterns   public services   care responsibilities   most cities   income ladder   inclusive society   urban planning   local bodies   socioeconomic development   blogsworldbankorgsustainablecitiesurban density   singaporean model   urban paradigm   high levels   high costs   municipal corporations   potential areas   economic shocks   dense cities   economic growth   first step   estimate legislators   additional strains   pandemic world   poor population   live births   different operators   high mortality   executive committee   archaic laws   right lessons   congest cities   square kilometre   inclusive cities   colonial city   employment opportunities   economic productivity   emerge preferences   construct societies   8140antenatal care   welcome cities   long changes   urban buses   major regions   economic slump   public lands   diverse groups   formal sector   different contributors   accurate understanding   clean toilets   travel speed   distort makers   current demands   multiple factors   short time   permissible index   time data   19th century   high rates   concerted action   urban lessons   wage hikes   dire need   relative scarcity   span dwellers   monitor trends   transport services   personal use   improve management   poor use   universal access   prestige projects   constant flooding   participation rate   bank account   close proximity   economic geographies   inadequate access   unsanitary disposal   big epidemics   large areas   motorize bertaud   specific suggestions   major challenge   opposite picture11   economic geography   international finances   significant gaps   indian settlements   small towns   political federalism   new streams   inclusive technology   medium term   rental shortages   available millions   warm conditions   female deaths   lane markings   different kinds   public space   political business   government preference   time information   vulnerable communities   few vehicles   earn legislators   total seats   group delivery   small parcels   low costs   faulty paradigm   social progress   essential infrastructure   vulnerable groups   concentrate streets   down approach   additional stresses   newspublic usage   respiratory diseases   fragment rights   own revenue   immediate strategies   dependent link   administrative systems   good policies   les congestion   female heads   force rate   formal impediments   poor communities   good outcomes   near parts   good parity   additional burdens   much authority   hard networks   more means   matter waste   oil corridor   viable alternatives   quality construction   elect mayors   extreme example   real estate   city variation   secondary education   local levels   tall buildings   collective movement   past months   common infrastructure   large distances   urban gender   inherent problems   current regulations   ipt trips   arterial networks   urban awakening   increase time   service lots   holistic picture   new demand   large numbers   informal settlements   poor conditions   rich countries   recent proposal   similar systems   local needs   political freedom   economic participation   slum pockets   urban mobility   disaster response   national lockdown   senior scholar   such outbreaks   constant conversation   teem streets   public systems   increase surveillance   multifamily properties   zoning restrictions   american cities   permanent connections   special trains   regular surveys   multimodal modes   pandemic angel   public land   real time   exist infrastructure   share options   vulnerable populations   necessary investment   intelligent reforms   front20200416are slums   migrant workers   private players   large highway   long term   rental housing   good outcome   additional problems   new communities   health emergency   indianexpresscomarticleexplainedexplained epidemics   public policy   last changes   recent history   such integration   simple station   small footprint   afterthought soria   climatic conditions   ongoing projects   business activities   gross wage   public cooperation   metropolitan agency   online education   poor planning   potential solution   tandel director   pandemic implications   commute modes   public life   unhygienic areas   exist system   residential demand   available area   daily life   good construction   annual wage   female valueyear   widespread attention   grow ventures   ministerial positions   frugal solutions   land parcels   exist systems   equivalent times   pollute city   educational enrolment   mix use   mas systems   traditional districts   political empowerment   empowerment women   hygiene measures   female managers   limit resources   affordable houses   mobility days   long change   intermediate trips   dense areas   new point   rental accommodations   private options   wide range   construction activities   deep gratitude   cross subsidies   close parcels   reverse migration   multimodal transport   global burden   executive summary   additional lane   special measures   isolation centres   innovative solutions   educational rate   increase demands   simple economics   global gdp   private cooperation   improve strategy   legal battles   annual report   valuable time   individual mobility   exist facilities   urban counterpart   migrant streams   come months   development regulations   matter levels   future crises   skill personnel   huge outflow   improve conditions   archaic regulations   urban systems   private operators   artificial constraints   recent decades   rapid movement   infrastructure networks   rural areas   expansive slums   country profile   bad marriage   top approach   prudent management   empty offices   big link   health capacity   top scientist   specific policies   public investment   urban opportunities   artificial scarcities   more work   own funding   gender equality   sustainable cities   several parcels   late century   next months   viable options   various gaps   urban areas   base impediments   private vehicles   opportunity implementation   difficult questions   spanish flu   pandemic methodology   many plots   affect operators   local level   remote areas   few years   fast speeds   male deaths   house scheme   small shares   urban order   good planning   change demand   pollute cities   property rights   last change   excessive use   federal democracy   near collapse   clean access   potential cases   main contributors   reliable connections   rigid regulations   schoolgoing girls   current scheme   public spaces   fault lines   current supply   rapid mode   new patterns   extensive interviews   urban life   diversity index   attendant agglomeration   home shortages   societal interventions   global experts   efficient system   construction sector   major networks   future patterns   significant step   break systems   intelligent reform   car magazine   bad rights   duttaindian cities   more jobs   house sector   steady sources   human settlements   urban thinkers   feasible options   underground railway   vulnerable slums   new one   relate data   female valueright   vehicular emissions   high areas   substantial areas   healthcare infrastructure   rapid solution   pollution issues   socioeconomic conditions   land tenure   many contributors   major change   big migration   wage equality   rich sections   pandemic gender   interstate migrants   poor infrastructure   press challenges   manage infrastructure   effective responses   sustainable planning   top cities   female ownership   homeless income   household access   public hospitals   enough land
Actions:   mitigate repercussions   improve desirability   impose constraints   present window   stimulate delivery   suggest that   figure ways   reduce demand   build index   expropriate households   remind us   provide impetus   isolate cases   create agenda   year women   allow access   analyse challenges   require rethinking   operate systems   maximize number   distort markets   fail populations   keep us   enable workers   stall activities   translate them   employ knowledge   remove impediments   create networks   keep land   find methods   retain benefits   allow movement   hit capital   reduce violence   satisfy groups   maintain them   reduce emissions   suffer study32   increase supply   plan cities   aid 3   shift focus   change importance   reform governance   receive right   bridge gaps   ban 3   stifle construction   thrive angel   ignore cities   confront that   give tenants   increase covid   attend care   expand responsibilities   manage supply   revamp health   increase areas   reside this   sell property   use transport   care age   share responsibilities   equal justice   support growth   move patel   support emissions   confront issues   encourage governments   take advantage   involve solution   ban spaces   provide picture   encourage collaboration   drive growth   encourage men   create areas   centralize functioning   use buses   affect livelihoods   http korea   ensure accommodations   sustain growth   create one   encourage mobility   improve management   discourage use   estimate 5   build rise   undergo change   spend revenue   facilitate outcomes   affect cities   limit number   affect demand   learn that   establish measures   alter policies   restructure planning   improve mobility   maintain measures   integrate movement   protect themselves   hit epidemics   plan 1   force us   move history   design cities   mitigate effects   provide lessons   improve accessibility   grant access   bring reform   experience decline   face issues   encourage cities   generate roster   highlight need   maintain invest   depart bengaluru   see preference   increase opportunities   see approach   pool parcels   hinder productivity   receive attention   reimagining way   reduce densities   preserve health   upgrade system   institute order   force residents   interview impact   look cities   undertake exercise   provide housing   involve women   increase fsi   drive productivity   reveal inequalities   enhance productivity   increase impact   solve this   relocate them   empower response   restrict use   build cities   show preference   combat cities   improve increase   hit s   provide overview   enable distancing   shape colognygeneva   encourage cooperation   ban it   streamline taxation   share toilet   alter patterns   resume cities   administer cleaning   provide footprint   make use   increase productivity   get credit   rebuild cities   zoning populations   reimagine sector   visit center   create rights   understand impact   highlight benefits   control way   improve vehicles   provide options   benefit range   control density   reduce capacity   spend money   reach village   improve hygiene   encompass dwellers   offer opportunities   require parcels   resume 32   own shares   plan towns   mention cities   vijayraghavan pitches   access jobs   end hindustan   add strains   develop scheme   generate market   host six   change outlook   walk hundreds   work magazine   reduce density   receive care   understand trends   address link   require idea   provide responses   augment infrastructure   take which   address biases   boost healthcare   navigate us   revive economy   leave cities   reduce proneness   highlight consequence   limit use   vote 1935number   keep life   express gratitude   change roots   overcome use   remark governments   look approach   enact changes   need impact   give sense   reap benefits   climb ladder   exist infrastructure   keep city   create strategy   know it   tailor policies   aid decisions   undo strategies   institute days   remove portability   transform transport   create housing   drive recovery   accommodate ventures   prioritize inclusivity   train doctors   clean streets   charge prices   encourage tenure   revive link   sustain pp   plan impact   address challenges   offer chance   cause decline   enable options   adapt supply   raise funds   boost standard   improve access   employ parttime   include scooters   keep women   go way   attainment 493   enact adjustments   undo gains   interview bertaud   require shift   see data35   reveal individuals   improve standards   expose lines   convert offices   interview malani   reserve part   walk streets   reflect scarcity   change management   provide citizens   face stresses   push them   hinder loss   design services   use infrastructure   reshape city   build highway   answer questions   see arguments   leave immigrants   highlight time   interview ravi   upend life   institutionalize focus   prioritize following   encourage people   provide food   spur innovation   require support   make plans   disrupt activities   make decisions   spend decisions   mend relationships   make way   fight link   prefer approach   engage business   opt fight   favour networks   combine trips   provide health   provide knowledge   involve invasions   see shifts   end link   reduce burden   increase speed   raise duration   house people   put stress   facilitate amount   stage activities   benefit delivery   fit learning   include ways   do this   pay workers   build structures   elect mayors15   end pandemic   outline functions   draw lessons   interview green   improve state   contain covid   overcome complications   lack integration   eliminate subsidies   look studies   raise standard   grant return   add spaces   include decentralization   see rise   shoulder brunt   fight evidence   eliminate restrictions   use them   avoid travel   leave wage   constitute parts   highlight lack   realign sectors   own flats   work conditions   detail suggestions   alleviate issues   generate surveys   mobilize resources   lay imbalances   integrate ipt   manage demands   provide information   demand 23   access that   turn attention   find themselves   see outflow   lead authors   rethink cities   collect water   expose gaps   manage impact   support mayors   collate data   show spike   decentralise employment   foretell death   engage men   tackle impact   work link   change regulations   use emergency   unpack lessons   increase investments   resume operations   give land   move housing   hold account   buy lots   prioritize projects   reduce number   restructure profession   increase participation   keep them   grant relief   adopt mindset   emphasize need   present opportunity   prioritize issues   improve conditions   integrate considerations   rethink regulations   address equality   enter 2021   devise solutions   demand quality   institute sex   tackle incidences   felt what   demonstrate capacity   shift example   encourage housing   reduce overcrowding   access pool   lay need   revise regulations   spur drive   affect sector   create streets   leave city   permit abortion   divorce 01   manage jobs   ease restrictions   devise strategy   increase number   use spaces   use motorcycle   enable stakeholders   get labour   pride themselves   zoning migration   translate lessons   encourage delivery   enable housing   see decline   prepare link   integrate leaders   bolster capacity   reduce opportunities   provide opportunity   create spaces   mean ie   offer alternatives   improve system   provide services   bring change   handle crisis   use vehicles   hit india   break finances   connect them   push rera   tackle problems   increase safety   explain look   feature cities   transform health   leaf autonomy   achieve this   reconstruct cities   implement changes   occupy census   ensure construction   form geographies   form 174   increase housing   build centres   revamp cities   collect data   involve surveillance   loiter women   reveal gaps   impede number   remove obstacles   overbuild houses   incur costs   reconsider processes   take outcome   need federalism   improve environments   grow economies   follow 1   introduce point   compile insights   add markings   identify contributors   protect ourselves   break multitude   augment capacity   ensure housing   experience institute   access implementation   manage use   provide access   maintain distancing   address impediments   re link   generate 80   mitigate impact   manage 42   increase amount   improve outcomes   exacerbate trend   ensure standard   reclaim cities   demonstrate importance   cancel trains   build tier   bring value   face problems   require realignment   ensure responses   revamp sector   create dwellings   create issues   end usage   facilitate interventions   present picture11   drive innovation   suffer blows   see opportunity   highlight hikes   build communities   protect occupants   eliminate regulations   threaten lives   afford housing   reform training   use 2   upgrade homes   commute trips   do partnerships   reach homes33   enable firms   provide infrastructure20   encourage 2   keep challenges   present views   raise revenues   plan professor   ravage cities   devastate areas   manage density   establish infrastructure   reduce collect   accommodate population   bring disparities   achieve goals   look populations   provide insights   understand variation   need solutions   change patterns   offer possibility   shape ideas   reform approach   address shortages   set rules   see 52

Other Attributes

This section lists the details about pathway-specific attributes.